By Caroline Young Bearden, MS, RD, LD, RYT
Curious about the label on the back of your peanut butter jar? Or do you want to know how different types stack up nutritionally? We’ve got the 4-1-1 on the nutrition facts and ingredients lists for your favorite PB.
The Skinny on Fat
At first glance of a peanut butter nutrition facts label, you may think there’s a lot of fat. And you’re right, there is. As you can see, about one-fourth of your body’s daily need for fat is met in one serving size (two tablespoons) of peanut butter, and more than 65 percent of the calories (130 out of 190) come from that fat. But look closely and you’ll see that just 2.5 grams (or 15 percent) of the overall fat in a serving of peanut butter is from saturated fat, the type of fat that the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend we limit. The rest of the fat comes from good, unsaturated fats, which can help lower risk of heart disease and improve HDL cholesterol levels.
You’ll also notice that peanut butter has zero grams of trans fats, which come from partially-hydrogenated oils (PHOs). That’s in part due to FDA’s 2015 determination that PHOs are no longer safe to eat, since they have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease. Since then, the majority of peanut butters on the market do not contain PHOs.[iv]
But that doesn’t mean the fully hydrogenated vegetable oils, like rapeseed and soybean (as seen on the JIF label) are harmful, too. In fact, these oils do not contain trans-fat but serve a similar purpose as PHOs, including reducing rancidity (and increasing shelf-life) and preventing oil separation. Another common oil used in peanut butters is palm oil, which contains saturated fat but not trans-fat. To put it into perspective, oils take up 1 to 2 percent of the peanut butter’s overall weight.
The Other Nutrition Facts
As you can see, peanut butter packs 7 grams of protein and 2 grams of dietary fiber per serving. Protein is necessary for the health of your bones, muscles, cartilage, skin and blood, and fiber plays a key role in important bodily functions like digestion. Plus, as you can see towards the bottome of the label, peanut butter is a source of essential vitamins and minerals.
On some peanut butter labels, you will see there is some sodium. For example, this peanut butter contains salt (last on ingredient list) and the nutrition facts label has 130 mg of sodium, which makes up only six percent of the recommended daily value of sodium.
Common PB Ingredients
Along with salt, sugar is sometimes added to peanut butter. Other words to look for on the ingredients list that also mean sugar include molasses, honey, agave syrup and dried cane syrup. In this label example, there are 3 grams of sugar, which is about 12 calories. The Dietary Guidelines recommend that no more than 10 percent of daily calories come from added sugars.
Aside from salt and sugar, there are very few other additives that you’ll spot on the ingredient list. If you’re into globally-inspired flavored peanut butter, you may see some seasonings like curry powder. Additionally, the use of mono- and diglycerides (as seen on this label) are used in some peanut butter as emulsifiers to prevent oil separation.
On every jar of peanut butter you buy, you’ll see that the very first ingredient is always peanuts because all food ingredients are listed by weight in descending order. And the FDA says that the percentage of peanuts in peanut butter should not fall below 90 percent. Regardless of whether you buy natural peanut butter, unsalted peanut butter or chocolate peanut butter, you can be sure that the majority of your jar is just peanuts.[v]
The good news is that there is a type of peanut butter for every person, every mood and every occasion. And there’s more good news -- whether you go for the natural peanut butter made with just peanuts, or that decadent chocolate chip cookie dough peanut butter, you’ll still get your good fats, protein, fiber and other essential nutrients.
[i] 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines: Answers to Your Questions. Choose My Plate. https://www.choosemyplate.gov/2015-2020-dietary-guidelines-answers-your-questions. Updated January 7, 2016. Accessed May 9, 2017.
[ii] Choose Foods and Beverages with less Saturated Fat, Sodium and Added Sugars. Choose My Plate. www.choosemyplate.gov/saturated-unsaturated-and-trans-fats. Accessed November 10, 2016.
[iv] FDA Cuts Trans Fats in Processed Foods. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. https://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm372915.htm. Updated June 15, 2016. Accessed May 9, 2017.
[v] Overview of Food Ingredients, Additives and Colors. https://www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/foodadditivesingredients/ucm094211.htm. Updated April 2010. Accessed May 9, 2017.